Ask Full Fact: have 100 EU 'powers' been returned to the UK?

Published: 17th Aug 2015

In brief

Claim

The last government repatriated 100 powers from Brussels.

Conclusion

The Lisbon Treaty, negotiated under the previous Labour government, allowed the Coalition to reclaim around 100 'powers' (specific legislative acts).

 

We recently received an email from someone asking us to help verify a claim that's been around for several years, and used recently by the Conservatives earlier this year:

"We want to see powers flowing away from Brussels, not to it. We have already taken action to return around 100 powers, but we want to go further."

Conservative Party 2015 Manifesto

This is right if the '100 powers' are taken to mean specific legislative acts rather than general competences, which allow the EU to exercise power in certain policy areas. But they are limited to specific policy areas, and the right not to accept them was negotiated under a previous government.

The Treaty of Lisbon allowed the UK to opt out from certain measures

As we understand it, the claim relates to the European Union's powers in security and justice matters specifically.

One element of the Treaty of Lisbon in 2009 was that measures in this area would no longer require the unanimous agreement of member states. But the UK, along with Ireland, negotiated the ability to opt out of future security and justice laws on a case-by-case basis.

In addition, they also negotiated the ability to opt out of all pre-Lisbon security and justice laws, with the provision that they could opt back in to some of them.

The claim on "100 powers" appears to relate to the decision taken on 24 July 2013 to exercise that right to opt out of pre-Lisbon measures. There are, reportedly, around 130 of these, listed here.

However, the government decided to opt back in to around 35 which it felt were in the national interest. This includes, for example, the European Arrest Warrant. The necessary agreement was reached at EU level at the end of last year.

So subtracting these 35 from the 130, roughly 100 "powers"—seems about right.


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