Primary school children are being used to carry drugs.
Reports from police in England and Wales to the National Crime Agency suggest in 42% of forces children as young as 12 are being used, but we can’t confirm yet if there are younger children involved as well.
“What is happening is that primary school children are now being used to carry the drugs because they are relatively unobservable.”
Sir Vince Cable MP, 19 April 2018
There is some evidence that children are being used in the drug trade, but we can’t confirm yet if any are as young as Mr Cable claims.
The National Crime Agency (NCA) said in 2017 that “Children as young as 12 are being exploited by gangs to transport drugs into county markets, store and distribute them to customers.”
Speaking to police forces in England and Wales between October 2016 and June 2017, the NCA found that 42% of forces “specifically reported evidence of children ‘running’”—class A drugs and money—for criminal networks between cities and rural towns. The youngest child reported to the NCA was 12 years old, a little older than primary school age.
Media reports suggest that children as young as nine are being used by gangs to distribute drugs—we’re looking into this.
There were over 15,000 people found guilty of an offence relating to the production or supply of drugs in 2016. Around 83% were over the age of 21, 4% were aged between 15 and 17 and 0.1% were between 12 and 14.
Overall offences recorded by police in England and Wales relating to trafficking drugs have increased slightly in the last year. There were over 25,000 in the 12 months to September 2017, an increase of 1% compared to the year before.
Recent improvements in the way the police record crime may mean that some of this increase is only down to more offences being recorded, rather than more offences actually happening.
Between 80% and 90% of all drug offences relate to possession rather than trafficking of drugs.
This factcheck is part of a roundup of BBC Question Time. Read the roundup.
Politicians shouldn’t get away with misleading us—can you help?
As the UK’s independent factchecking charity, Full Fact relies on our supporters’ generosity to hold public figures to account and push for higher standards of debate.
But with a new prime minister on the way, and the possibility of a general election, we need your help more than ever to ensure that everyone can get the facts they need, on the issues that matter most.