The EU puts a 30% tariff on cocoa from Africa.
Incorrect. The maximum tariff on processed cocoa is 9.6%. The vast majority of African countries can export all cocoa products to the EU tariff-free due to various schemes they’re part of.
“The EU puts a 30% tariff on cocoa from Africa.”
A pro-Brexit website claims that the EU puts a 30% tariff on cocoa coming from Africa.
World for Brexit includes a source for its claim—a 2015 article by the late Professor Calestous Juma of Harvard University.
But that piece simply seems to quote another unknown source claiming the EU imposes 30% tariffs “for processed cocoa products like chocolate bars or cocoa powder” – so not cocoa generally as World for Brexit claims.
Whatever the situation when Professor Juma wrote his piece, it’s incorrect to claim now that the import tariff on cocoa is 30%.
Cocoa could refer to several things—cocoa beans and other parts of the bean like the shell and husk or more processed cocoa like butters, pastes and powders.
The tariffs on more processed cocoa vary between African countries.
Two of the 55 African countries (Gabon and Libya) face a tariff of 8% on cocoa powder, 7.7% on cocoa butter and 9.6% on cocoa paste exports. These are the maximum tariffs the EU imposes on these products being imported from any country in the world.
Two other African countries (Nigeria and the Republic of Congo) benefit from a scheme designed to support developing countries, which lowers the tariff on cocoa powder to 2.8%, cocoa butter to 4.2% and cocoa paste to 6.1%. This scheme is called the standard generalised scheme of preferences.
The remaining 51 countries face no tariffs on cocoa powder, butter or paste, by virtue of either trade agreements with the EU, or EU schemes designed to support the least developed countries by removing tariffs on most goods.