Drug poisoning deaths are the highest they’ve been in 25 years

Published: 22nd Jun 2018

In brief

Claim

The number of drug-related deaths is the highest it’s ever been in this country since the 90s.

Conclusion

Correct. The number of drug poisoning deaths registered in 2016 was the highest since comparable records began in 1993. This includes deaths involving both legal and illegal substances, drug misuse and suicides.

“The number of drug-related deaths is the highest it’s ever been in this country since the 90s.”

Jonathan Ashworth MP, 21 June 2018

This is correct. There were around 3,700 deaths related to drug poisoning in England and Wales registered in 2016, which is the highest number since comparable records began in 1993.

These deaths can involve both illegal and legal drugs, like those available on prescription, or over the counter. The definition includes accidents, suicides and assaults involving drug poisoning and deaths from drug abuse and dependence.

Drug-induced deaths are mostly certified by a coroner, and because of this, there are usually delays between the occurrence of death and its cause being registered. Just under half of drug misuse deaths registered in 2016 (1,200) happened in the years before that.

The sharp increase in deaths between 2012 and 2015 was driven by deaths involving heroin and morphine more than doubling between those years. In 2012, 580 deaths “involving heroin and/or morphine” were registered—three years later 1,200 such deaths were registered. The ONS said this was “partly driven by a rise in heroin purity and availability” over that period.

In 2016, just over half of deaths related to drug poisoning involved an opiate, like heroin or morphine.

And the Office for National Statistics says over half of 2016 drug poisoning deaths involved “more than one drug and/or alcohol”, and it’s not always possible to tell which substance was the main cause of death.

Not all drug poisoning deaths were down to acute overdoses—some may have been down to complications, for example, septicemia after taking a substance intravenously.

But the figures for drug poisoning don’t include every kind of drug-induced death—the ONS gives the examples of anaphylactic shock or car crashes where the driver was using drugs which aren’t included.

Around 70% of the 2016 drug poisoning deaths were categorised as “drug misuse” deaths. These are when the underlying cause of death was drug abuse or drug dependence, or drug poisoning involving a controlled substance. Most of these drug misuse deaths are deemed accidental poisonings—around 80% for male deaths and 70% for female.

The death rate under the wider drug poisoning definition is increasing too. For men, there were around 90 deaths per million of the population in 2016. That’s an increase from 50 since 1993. For women it was 40 deaths per million in 2016, from about 35 in 1993.

For the narrower drug misuse definition deaths, for men, there were just under 70 deaths per million in 2016. For women it was around 24.

This factcheck is part of a roundup of BBC Question Time. Read the roundup.


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