Many immigrants who speak no English arrived in the UK as grandparents.
It’s true that older immigrants make up a disproportionate number of those who have no English, although they’re still in a minority. About 25% of migrants who can’t speak any English arrived after they turned 50.
Only 138,000 immigrants spoke no English at the last census, less than 0.3% of population.
Not quite correct. 138,000 people in the UK spoke no English at the last census, about 0.3% of the population. 118,000 of those people were born outside the UK, 20,000 inside.
Claim 1 of 2
“According to 2011 Census data… more than 760,000 people aged 16+ in England (1.8% of the population) could not speak English well or at all”
Dame Louise Casey, 5 December 2016
“Only 138,000 migrants, fewer than 0.3% of population, speak no English. Many an older generation who had come as grandparents. Census 2011.”
Alan Travis, 5 December 2016
The figures given in the Casey review are correct. Leaving aside those under 16, a total of 768,000 people in England reported that they couldn’t speak English well or at all at the 2011 census.
Mr Travis’s figures refer to England and Wales, and are also correct.
In the last census, about 0.3% of the population of England and Wales aged three or over reported that they spoke no English or Welsh.
Not all 138,000 of those people were immigrants. 118,000 people born outside the UK spoke no English or Welsh. The rest of the group was born inside the UK and included, for example, people whose main language was a was a sign language.
So overall, about 1.6% of the population said they didn’t speak either English or Welsh well or at all.
It’s also true that older immigrants were less likely to speak either English or Welsh well
About half of people born outside the UK had a first language that wasn’t English (or Welsh).
But older immigrants make up a fairly small proportion of non-English speaking immigrants
Although older immigrants make up a disproportionate number of those who can’t speak English, they’re still in the minority.
25% of immigrants who can’t speak any English arrived after they turned 50.
9.3% of immigrants who can’t speak English well or at all arrived after that age.
The picture is similar in Scotland and Northern Ireland
That’s slightly lower than the 1.6% of people in England and Wales who can’t do so.
In Scotland, migrants who arrived over the age of 50 were also less likely to be able to speak or write English. We haven't seen data from the Northern Irish census which shows language proficiency by age.
The integrity of our elections is in danger, and we need your help
You’re probably here looking for facts. Thank you for that trust. But with the EU parliament elections on the way and more elections a possibility, we need to act now to make sure our elections are protected, before it’s too late.
Could you help protect our elections by becoming a Full Fact donor?
Misinformation isn’t new, but advancements in technology mean it can spread at an unprecedented scale. Our dangerously outdated election laws have not kept up with the digital age, putting our next elections at risk of abuse.
Currently, it’s possible for a candidate to run a thousand different political ads to win the same seat, promising something different to each group it targets. At the same time, there’s no law requiring those who publish online campaigns to disclose who they are or how they are funded. The opportunity for bad actors to manipulate election results is left wide open.
You may already know about our work to make public debate online more honest and transparent. Every day, we call out the most harmful misinformation on social media platforms when and where we see it. But right now, we’re urging the government to overhaul our election laws to make sure political campaigning is held to the same level of scrutiny online as it is offline.
This work all depends on the generosity of hundreds of people who all believe that for democracy to work, we need transparency. Our monthly donors help strengthen our voice, and show our politicians that this really matters. Would you consider joining them?
Become a donor today to make sure our elections are protected.