Bad graphs: The government's employment record

Published: 20th Jun 2014

This graph is a favourite of the Department for Work and Pensions, and routinely takes the top spot on the department's own website when employment figures come out:


It's perfectly accurate, but accuracy on its own isn't enough to communicate the information well. It's bad at giving context; it's bad at reflecting the scale of the changes, and its not a particularly helpful measure anyway for assessing any government's record on employment compared to another.

Employment almost always rises, in part because the population's rising as well. The dip at the start of the government's graph coincides with the recent economic downturn, but before that numbers in work were growing fairly steadily. What is new is that - compared to the previous three months - employment is rising faster than it has done before, and the employment rate - the proportion of working-age people in work - is close to record levels.

Choosing such a restricted scale isn't always wrong because detail can be useful. Here, though, it doesn't hurt to provide a little context:

employment history

Better still, provide context and detail at the same time:

employment history context



All that talk about context, another tip is to get the units right. We've updated our graphs from showing 'thousands' to 'millions'.

Was this page useful to you? Yes  No


Full Fact and international partners win Google AI Impact Challenge

We aim for our factchecks to be as accurate and up-to-date as possible. If you think we've made an error or missed some relevant information, please email