Facebook post makes incorrect claims about TV licence fee non-payment
25 August 2021
What was claimed
The BBC lost £50 million through non-payment of the licence fee this year.
There's no official data yet on how much the BBC lost in 2020/21. The £50 million figure is likely to be based on an estimate from Julian Knight MP, but this is an estimate of the extra amount lost due to the BBC being above its target for licence fee evasion, not the overall amount lost due to non-payment.
What was claimed
260,000 over-75s have refused to pay their licence fee.
This is the number of over-75s who are yet to make payment arrangements for their TV licence after the government ended its subsidy. There is no evidence that all 260,000 are refusing to pay.
A Facebook post claims the BBC has lost £50 million “this year” from non-payment of the TV licence fee. It also states that 260,000 over-75s have “refused to pay” for the TV licence.
Neither of these points are right.
No evidence the BBC has lost £50 million in unpaid licence fees
The BBC hasn’t published any official figures on the amount lost to non-payment of the licence fee in 2020/21—it says data on evasion in the 2020/21 financial year wasn’t collected due to the pandemic.
Mr Knight said: “We’re seeing a degree of non-payment which we’ve not seen since the early 1990s and the poll tax campaign.
“We’re now looking at, by my estimates and the NAO’s recent report, we’re looking at an extra £50 million that has been lost through non-payment in the last year and that is quite a major hit to the bottom line.”
We understand the National Audit Office (NAO) report referred to by Mr Knight here was its work on “The BBC’s strategic financial management” published in January, though it doesn’t itself contain the £50 million figure.
It’s important to note that Mr Knight’s estimate was for the “extra” amount lost through non-payment—so even if his estimate is correct, it’s only an estimate for part of the money lost due to licence fee non-payment, not the total amount lost as the Facebook post suggests.
Where does the £50 million figure come from then?
When we first asked how Julian Knight’s estimate was calculated, we were told it was extrapolated from a committee hearing in June 2020 where BBC Director of Policy Clare Sumner said “from memory, every 1% increase in evasion costs the BBC around £40 million.” When we asked the BBC for more detail on this it pointed us to a consultation response published last year. This stated that if the BBC moved from the current system of fines for evading the licence fee to a civil penalty model, the corporation expected evasion to increase to 10%. It said that “each percentage point increase in evasion [would cost] the BBC around £44 million”.
Since we first published this article the DCMS committee has now supplied us with additional information explaining Mr Knight’s estimate.
Mr Knight took the percentage point gap between the evasion rate in 2019/20 and the target by March 2021, applied Ms Sumner’s rough calculation to it and estimated that the BBC had lost out on around £50 million in extra licence fee revenue which it could otherwise have collected had the evasion rate been 5.9%.
However, Mr Knight wasn’t suggesting—as the Facebook post appears to—that this is the overall amount the BBC lost in licence fee income.
Overall, BBC licence fee income increased this year
The BBC told Full Fact the increase in revenue was due in part to the CPI inflation-linked increase in the licence fee from £154.50 to £157.50 in April 2020. The income also included some licence fee payments from those over-75 who were newly eligible to pay.
There’s no evidence 260,000 pensioners have ‘refused’ to pay
However, this does not mean all 260,000 of those people have refused to pay. The BBC says it will be writing to all these customers with details of how to set up a licence.
Recent figures from the BBC also show 709,000 over-75 licence holders have now converted to a new free TV licence, with 74,000 applications still in progress.
Correction 3 September 2021
We’ve updated this article to include more information supplied to us by the DCMS committee. We have now explained Mr Knight’s estimate, clarified that it related only to part of the total amount lost to non-payment, and changed the headline to remove the statement that he was wrong.
This article is part of our work fact checking potentially false pictures, videos and stories on Facebook. You can read more about this—and find out how to report Facebook content—here.
For the purposes of that scheme, we’ve rated this claim as false
because there’s no official data on how much the BBC lost in licence fee payments, and £50 million was an estimate for a part of that amount, and there’s no evidence that all 260,000 over-75s who have yet to make licence fee arrangements are refusing to pay.
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