How is Boris Johnson's deal different to Theresa May's?

10 December 2019

The Institute for Government has looked at how Boris Johnson’s deal compares to Theresa May’s.

Most of Mr Johnson's deal is the same as Mrs May's, but the new Northern Ireland protocol (which looks at how a hard border can be avoided in the event of no deal) replaces the Irish backstop which was highly controversial amongst MPs.

The Institute for Government has laid out all the key parts of the Withdrawal Agreement, Political Declaration (which sets out the aims of future EU negotiations but isn’t legally binding) and the Northern Ireland protocol.


This article is part of our Ask Full Fact series on the 2019 general election, answering your questions about the election, from claims the main parties are making to what happens on polling day.

You can see all the questions we’ve answered so far and we’ll keep adding to it as we get through them.

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