Costs and benefits

Fact checks about the economic impact on wages, house prices and health care created by immigration to the UK

22 May 2020

How much have healthcare workers paid through the immigration health surcharge?

The Prime Minister claimed £900 million had been raised by the surcharge, but there was some confusion as to whether he was only referring to contributions from health workers.

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How much have healthcare workers paid through the immigration health surcharge?
18 September 2018

EU immigrant workers in the UK: five things we learned

The independent Migration Advisory Committee (MAC) today released a report about the impacts of EU immigrant workers on the UK economy, and recommendations for how immigration policy should change.

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EU immigrant workers in the UK: five things we learned
25 May 2018

What does immigration do to wages?

It depends who you are.

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What does immigration do to wages?
19 April 2018

4,000 EU prisoners in England and Wales

There were 4,000 EU nationals in prison in England and Wales at the end of 2017, and over 9,000 foreign prisoners overall. It’s not easy to determine the cost of …

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4,000 EU prisoners in England and Wales
10 April 2018

Have house prices risen because of immigrants?

It’s impossible to say for definite how much immigration has pushed up house prices.

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Have house prices risen because of immigrants?
5 June 2017

How immigrants affect public finances

There is no single "correct" answer to the question of how much migrants contribute to public finances.

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How immigrants affect public finances
15 May 2017

How immigrants affect jobs and wages

Immigration has a small impact on average wages of existing workers but more significant effects for certain groups.

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How immigrants affect jobs and wages
5 December 2016

Immigration and unemployment in the UK

It’s correct that there were about 1.7 million unemployed people in the UK at the last count, in July-September 2016.

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Immigration and unemployment in the UK
11 July 2016

EU immigration and NHS staff

What proportion of NHS staff come from the EU, and what could leaving the EU mean for the future workforce?

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EU immigration and NHS staff
21 June 2016

Does a 10% rise in immigration lead to a 2% reduction in wages?

Conclusions from a Bank of England report have been repeatedly misquoted.

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Does a 10% rise in immigration lead to a 2% reduction in wages?

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