How immigrants affect public finances
There is no single "correct" answer to the question of how much migrants contribute to public finances.
How immigrants affect jobs and wages
Immigration has a small impact on average wages of existing workers but more significant effects for certain groups.
Immigration and unemployment in the UK
The link’s not as simple as people might think.
EU immigration and NHS staff
What proportion of NHS staff come from the EU, and what could leaving the EU mean for the future workforce?
Does a 10% rise in immigration lead to a 2% reduction in wages?
Conclusions from a Bank of England report have been repeatedly misquoted.
Do we need a new house every four minutes because of immigration?
This is plausible, although we can’t be certain about immigrants’ housing needs and there’s not enough clear research that would give us better figures.
Do EU immigrants contribute £1.34 for every £1 received from the UK?
Research has previously found this for recently-arrived immigrants from the rest of the EU.
Impacts of migration on local public services
It isn't possible to say with certainty what the implications of migration are for the cost, availability and quality of public services. They're likely to vary by area and service.